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Entrepreneur - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Entrepreneurship is the practice of starting new organizations or revitalizing mature organizations, particularly new businesses generally in response to identified opportunities. Entrepreneurship is often a difficult undertaking, as a vast majority of new businesses fail. Entrepreneurial activities are substantially different depending on the type of organization that is being started. Entrepreneurship ranges in scale from solo projects (even involving the entrepreneur only part-time) to major undertakings creating many job opportunities. Many "high-profile" entrepreneurial ventures seek venture capital or angel funding in order to raise capital to build the business. Angel investors generally seek returns of 20-30% and more extensive involvement in the business. Many kinds of organizations now exist to support would-be entrepreneurs, including specialized government agencies, business incubators, science parks, and some NGOs.
Characteristics of entrepreneurship
- The entrepreneur has an enthusiastic vision, the driving force of an enterprise.
- The entrepreneur's vision is usually supported by an interlocked collection of specific ideas not available to the marketplace.
- The overall blueprint to realize the vision is clear, however details may be incomplete, flexible, and evolving.
- The entrepreneur promotes the vision with enthusiastic passion.
- With persistence and determination, the entrepreneur develops strategies to change the vision into reality.
- The entrepreneur takes the initial responsibility to cause a vision to become a success.
- Risks;Entrepreneurs take prudent risks. They assess costs, market/customer needs and persuade others to join and help.
- An entrepreneur is usually a positive thinker and a decision maker.
Advantages of Entrepreneurship
Every successful entrepreneur brings about benefits not only for himself/ herself but for the municipality, region or country as a whole. The benefits that can be derived from entrepreneurial activities are as follows:
- Enormous personal financial gain
- Self-employment, offering more job satisfaction and flexibility of the work force
- Employment for others, often in better jobs
- Development of more industries, especially in rural areas or regions disadvantaged by economic changes, for example due to globalisation effects
- Encouragement of the processing of local materials into finished goods for domestic consumption as well as for export
- Income generation and increased economic growth
- Healthy competition thus encourages higher quality products
- More goods and services available
- Development of new markets
- Promotion of the use of modern technology in small-scale manufacturing to enhance higher productivity
- Encouragement of more researches/ studies and development of modern machines and equipment for domestic consumption
- Development of entrepreneurial qualities and attitudes among potential entrepreneurs to bring about significancant changes in the rural areas
- Freedom from the dependency on the jobs offered by others
- The ability to have great accomplishments
- Reduction of the informal economy
- Emigration of talent may be stopped by a better domestic entrepreneurship climate